Who introduced the two taxes called Chauth and Sardeshmukhi?

In February 1719, the Mughal emperor Rafi-ud-Darajat had assigned the Chauth and Sardeshmukhi rights over the six Mughal subas of the Deccan to Raja Shahu. In return of Chauth, Raja Sahu would maintain a contingent of 15,000 Maratha soldiers for the service and protection of the emperor.

What were the Chauth and Sardeshmukhi Class 7?

Answer: Chauth and sardeshmukhi were the sources of income for the Marathas under the rule of Shivaji. Chauth was one-fourth of the assessed revenue of the place, whereas sardeshmukhi was an additional levy of 10 percent demanded from areas outside the Maratha kingdom.

What is difference between Chauth and Sardeshmukhi?

Chauth (one-fourth) was an annual tax nominally levied at 25% on revenue or produce and based on the might. Sardeshmukhi is tax related to and on Chauth that is Kingdom has to pay an additional 10% tax on Chauth which was collected only to maintain the hereditary right of King on the Tax collection processes.

Who paid Sardeshmukhi?

Whereas Sardeshmukhi was an additional 10% tax on Chauth in the eighteenth century, it was paid to the head revenue collector in the Deccan, which was collected only to maintain the hereditary right of the king on tax collection processes.

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What part of income is Chauthai?

The first term giver here is the Chauthai. The meaning of this particular Hindi term is the fourth quarter. This means that this particular term represents the fourth quarter.

Why did Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan?

The Marathas wanted to expand beyond the Deccan in order to decrease the Mughal infulence. By the 1720s, they seized Malwa and Gujarat from the Mughals and by the 1730s, the Maratha king was recognised as the overlord of the entire Deccan peninsula.

Which part of income does Chauthayi refers to?

Shivaji supplemented his income by levying a contribution on the neighbouring Mughal territories for enjoying his protection. This contribution which came to one-fourth of the land revenue began to be called Chauthai (one-fourth) or Chauth. Answer verified by Toppr.

What was Chauth for Class 7?

Chauth (Sanskrit meaning one-fourth) was a daily tax or tribute levied on the Indian subcontinent by the Maratha Empire from the beginning of the 18th century. It was an annual tax nominally levied on sales or produce at 25 percent, hence the term. On the lands that were under nominal Mughal control, it was levied.

Who was jawahir Shah Class 7?

Who was Jawahir Shah? Ans. Jawahir Shah was son of Nadir Shah.

What was Sardeshmukhi answer?

Answer: Sardeshmukhi’ is an additional 10% tax levied upon the collected ‘Chauth’. … Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were taxes conceived during the times of the Great Maratha Ruler Shivaji Maharaj.

Who defeated the Portuguese?

In 1961, the Indian army invaded the state after the Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boats, killing one fisherman. After 36 hours of air, sea and land strikes by the army, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender”, handing over Goan territory to India.

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What is the meaning of Sardeshmukhi in English?

Solution. Sardeshmukhi was one-tenth part of the revenue collected as an additional tax. Concept: Introduction of the Expansion of the Maratha Power.

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