The act also listed more foreign goods to be taxed including sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calico, and further, regulated the export of lumber and iron. The enforced tax on molasses caused the almost immediate decline in the rum industry in the colonies.
What was taxed in the Sugar Act?
Sugar Act, also called Plantation Act or Revenue Act, (1764), in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian …
What did the Sugar Act charge?
Summary. In 1764 Parliament passed the Sugar Act, with the goal of raising 100,000 pounds, an amount equal to one-fifth of the military expenses in North America. … The Sugar Act lowered the duty on foreign-produced molasses from six pence per gallon to 3 pence per gallon, in attempts to discourage smuggling.
What tax did the Sugar Act replace?
One of the first measures passed to raise revenue from the American colonies was a tax on sugar. Grenville designed the American Revenue Act of l764, commonly known as the Sugar Act, to replace the Sugar and Molasses Act of 1733 which was to expire.
How did the Sugar Act affect colonists?
The Sugar Act also increased enforcement of smuggling laws. Strict enforcement of the Sugar Act successfully reduced smuggling, but it greatly disrupted the economy of the American colonies by increasing the cost of many imported items, and reducing exports to non-British markets.
What right did the Sugar Act take away from the colonists?
Definition of Sugar Act
The American Revenue Act of 1764, so called Sugar Act, was a law that attempted to curb the smuggling of sugar and molasses in the colonies by reducing the previous tax rate and enforcing the collection of duties.
Why did the British repeal the Sugar Act?
Instead, smuggling, bribery or intimidation of customs officials effectively nullified the law. During the Seven Years’ War, known in Colonial America as the French and Indian War, the British government substantially increased the national debt to pay for the war.
Why did the British pass the Sugar Act?
Parliament, desiring revenue from its North American colonies, passed the first law specifically aimed at raising colonial money for the Crown. The act increased duties on non-British goods shipped to the colonies.
Why was the Stamp Act worse than the Sugar Act?
Both taxes promised dire consequences in a post-war economy. While the Sugar Act was a duty only on foreign goods, the Stamp Act taxed items within the colonies. Previously, only colonial assemblies assumed responsibility for internal taxes.
Why did the Stamp Act cause more anger among the colonists than the Sugar Act?
The Stamp Act, passed in 1765, was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America. … Because of its potential widespread application to the colonial economy, the Stamp Act was judged by the colonists to be a more dangerous assault on their rights than the Sugar Act.